|Photo by Johan Stenlund (PBase)|
firecrest (en); estrelinha-de-cabeça-listada (pt); roitelet à triple bandeau (fr); reyezuelo listado (es); sommergoldhähnchen (de)
The firecrest breeds mostly in Europe, from southern England, France, Spain and Portugal, east to Belarus, north-western Ukraine and Greece, and north to the Baltic and southern Latvia. There are isolated populations in the east, in Abkhazia, Crimea, Turkey, and in the western Mediterranean, in the Balearic islands, Morocco, Algeria and Tunisia. Southern birds are largely resident, unlike the northern and eastern populations which migrate to the Mediterranean basin in winter.
These tinny birds are 9cm long and have a wingspan of 13-16 cm. they weigh 4-7 g.
It breeds in lowland broadleaf forest, preferring cork oak and alder where available, otherwise beech and holly. It also uses mixed broadleaf and conifer woodland, and stands of spruce, European silver fir, cedar and pines, often with undergrowth of juniper, ivy and wild rose. In drier Mediterranean habitats it is found in conifers, evergreen oaks, and mixed woodlands up to 2.800 m.
IUCN status - LC (Least Concern)
The global population is estimated at 3.300.000-6.700.000 individuals. This species has a very large breeding range and the population trend is believed to be stable, so it is not threatened.