Wednesday, 6 November 2013

Ruddy quail-dove

Geotrygon montana

Photo by Kim Hansen (Wikipedia)

Common name:
ruddy quail-dove (en); pariri (pt); colombe rouviolette (fr); paloma-perdiz rojiza (es); rote erdtaube (de)

Order Columbiformes
Family Columbidae

This species is found from central Mexico to northern Argentina and Uruguay, as well as in the Caribbean.

These birds are 21-28 cm long and weigh 110-140 g.

The ruddy quail-dove is mostly found in the understorey of lowland rainforests, also using second growths, semi-deciduous forests and coffee and cacao plantations. They are present from sea level up to an altitude of 2.600 m.

They forage on the ground, taking fallen fruits and also some seeds and nuts. They are also know to sometimes eat small slugs.

Ruddy quail-doves breed in February-August. The nest is a bowl-shaped structure, made of small twigs and leaves, which is usually placed on the flat top of an old stump or on horizontal fallen trees and branches. The female lays 2 cream or buffy eggs which are incubated by both parents for 11 days. The chicks are raised by both parents and fledge 2 weeks after hatching. Each pair raises 2 broods per season.

IUCN status - LC (Least Concern)
This species has an extremely large breeding range and has a global population estimated at 5-50 million individuals. The ruddy quail-dove is suspected to lose 16-19% of suitable habitat within its range over the next 15 years based on a model of Amazonian deforestation.

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