|(Photo from Desktop Nexus)|
red-billed-oxpecker (en); pica-boi-de-bico-vermelho (pt); piquebœuf à bec rouge (fr); picabueyes piquirroje (es); rotschnabel-madenhacker (de)
These birds are 19-22 cm long and weigh 42-60 g.
Red-billed oxpeckers live in open savannas, bushlands, and forests that contain large mammals including domestic livestock. They are found up to an altitude of 2.745 m.
Red-billed oxpecker nest in October-March. They are onogamous, cooperative breeders, with the breeding pair being assisted by up to 7 helpers who are usually unmated adults and juveniles from the previous breeding season. They nest in natural tree cavities or in holes in rocks or stone walls, lining the interior with hair from its mammal hosts, dung, grass and rootlets. The female lays 2-5 eggs which are incubated by both sexes for about for 12-13 days. The chicks are fed by all members of the group, fledging about 30 days after hatching but only becoming fully independent 2 months later.
IUCN status - LC (Least Concern)
Although the global population size has not been quantified, this species is described as locally common over its very large breeding range. The population is suspected to be in decline owing to the reduction in numbers of large game host species and the dipping of domestic cattle, but the species is not considered threatened at present.