spectacled owl (en); murucututu (pt); chouette à lunettes (fr); lechuzón de anteojos (es); brillenkauz (de)
This species is found from southern Mexico, through Central America and large parts of northern South America under the recess of the Andes, all the way to northern Argentina.
Spectacled owls are 43-46 cm long and have a wingspan of 76-91 cm. Females tend to be larger than males, weighing 760-980 g while males weigh 590-760 g.
Habitat:Spectacled owls live near water in rainforest and woodlands. They can be found from sea level to elevations of 1.600 m.
They mostly hunt almost exclusively at night, mostly taking mice and insects. They are also known to eat crabs, bats, possums, skunks, frogs and smaller birds no larger than a pigeon.
The spectacled owl breeds in April-October. They nest inside tree cavities, where the female lays 1-2 eggs. The eggs are incubated by both parents for 34-35 days. Only 1 chick survives, being mostly fed by the female, with some help from the male, and fledge 5-6 weeks after hatching, but often continue to dependent on their parents for up 1 year
IUCN status - LC (Least concern)
This species has a very large breeding range and a global population of 500.000-5.000.000 individuals. The population is suspected to be stable in the absence of evidence for any declines or substantial threats, so it is not considered threatened at present.