Monday, 12 September 2011

Orange-bellied flowerpecker

Dicaeum trigonostigma

Photo by Lip Yap (Wikipedia)

Common name:
orange-bellied flowerpecker (en); pica-flores-de-ventre-laranja (pt); dicée à ventre orange (fr); picaflores ventrinaranja (es); orangebauch-mistelfresser (de)
Order Passeriformes
Family Dicaeidae
This Asian species is found in Bangladesh, Brunei, India, Indonesia, Malaysia, Myanmar, the Philippines, Singapore, and Thailand.
These tinny birds are 7,5-9 cm long and weigh 7-8 g.
They are found in sub-tropical and tropical moist lowland forests, mangrove forests, and moist mountain forests. They are usually prefer the forest interior but are also found in disturbed forest edges and even cultivated land.
Orange-bellied flowerpeckers mostly eat small figs, berries and also mistletoe fruits. They sometimes also eat nectar.
These birds are monogamous. Both the males and the females collaborate in constructing the nest, a cup made of vegetable material, dried flowers, lichen, feathers, grass, or small roots, held together with cobwebs. The female lays 1-4 white eggs with spots, which are incubated by both sexes for about 15 days. The chicks are fed by both parents and fledge around 15 days after hatching.

IUCN status - LC (Least Concern)
The orange-bellied flowerpecker has a very large breeding range and, although the global population size has not been quantified, this species is described as common to locally common, although rare in Myanmar. The population is suspected to be stable in the absence of evidence for any declines or substantial threats.

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