Wednesday, 2 March 2011

Northern parula

Parula americana


Common name:

Taxonomy:
Order Passeriformes
Family Parulidae

Range:
This species breeds in south-east Canada and across the westerbn half of the United States. They winter further south, in Florida, southern Mexico and the Caribbean.

Size:
This small songbird is 11-12 cm long and has a wingspan of 16-18 cm. They weigh 8-9 g.

Habitat:
Northern parulas breed in hardwood forests, pine-oak woodlands, cypress, and hardwood swamps, wherever Old Man's Beard lichen or Spanish moss thrives, especially near water. During winter they use a wide range of wooded habitats.

Diet:
These insectivores take a variety of insects and spider.

Breeding:
The northern parula starts nesting in May-June. The nest is generally in a hollowed out bunch of hanging Old Man's Beard lichen in either a deciduous or conifer tree, often lined with finely shredded moss, fine grasses, plant down or hairs. The female lays 4-5 white or cream eggs with brown specks, which are incubated for12-14 days. The chicks fledge 11-12 days after hatching.

Conservation:
IUCN status - LC (Least concern)
This species has a large breeding range and a global population of 7,3 million individuals. The population has undergone a slight increase over the last decades and is not threatened at present.

1 comment:

  1. I JUST HAD THE RARE OPPORTUNITY TO TAKE A QUICK PIC OF ONE OUTSIDE OF MY MOBILE HERE IN LEESBURG, FL. JUST TWO DAYS PRIOR TO HURRICANE MATTHEW MAKING LANDFALL IN OUR STATE AS AN OFFICIAL CATAGORY 4 WITH WINDS UPWARDS OF 131MPH. JUST SEE GODS LIGHT JUST BEFORE THE DARKNESS IN THAT BEAUTIFUL LITTLE BIRD...THEY ARE SO SMALL YOU THINK YOUR SEEING THINGS THE WAY THEY DART IN AND HOVER AROUND BUSHES WHEN THEY FLY..REALLY COOL!

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